Interesting bits on history:
Actually, it was written to introduce the Boehm system clarinet
(Klosé worked with Buffet to develop an improved clarinet
and named it for Boehm, whose improvements to the flute were his inspiration). But it's simply a good method for clarinet
, either system, and whoever did the translation for the American edition, recognizing the popularity of the Albert, substituted his own addition for the section on fingering, replacing the original's long section on why you should prefer the Boehm over the previous clarinet
and the Boehm system fingerings.
Besides shifting the LH thumb and RH first finger notes up a half step to eliminate the forked fingerings, Klosé's primary contributions were the addition of Boehm's ring keys and long hinge keys, and his almost full single-touch duplication in the right and left hand pinky keys. Albert copied the keywork improvements in his own design, but kept the original fingering system, except that the ring key eliminated a truly inconvenient fingering combination for B and B-flat (F# and F in the upper register). There is a note in the fingering section under the F#: "This fingering is for the improved clarinet
, with rings to the holes for the right hand." Keep in mind that both the Boehm and the Albert were improvements on their common ancestor, the Müller. The Albert is the later design, and borrowed the technical improvements from Klosé's Boehm.
Also, if anyone uses the fingering descriptions in this edition, I would make a couple of notes:
In his fingerings for low E, F, and F# and the corresponding B, C, and C# in the clarion register, the fact that he makes no mention of the right hand pinky key probably means that he is referring to the earliest version of the Albert system, in which there was still an open hole in an enlarged portion of the joint for the pinky. The angle and length of the hole were important for this note to be low enough for the correct pitch. If you're using any other clarinet
, when he says ALL the right hand holes, include the pinky F/C key.
The fingerings given for the upper altissimo notes are different from what I have learned; I tested them and they all work, some better than others. Some of these are good fingerings and deserve attention.
In fingering charts, I don't recall ever having seen reference to half-holing the left index finger, instead of the full open hole, but on many notes it yields better results.
Note, too, that from the early 1800's, good clarinet
players were expected to be able to play to high C, five lines above the staff
. In the last half century, we seem to have slacked off some, leaving everything above a G to the hot shots.